Hernia

Hernia

This is a little like a “blowout” in a bicycle tyre (where the inner tube is ‘squeezed’ out through a hole in the tyre). In the human body, the abdominal wall muscles (’the six pack’ so to speak) and the thick ‘belts’ of fibrous tissue between them serve to hold your ‘innards’ inside you. The ‘innards’ include bowel and fat (everyone has this inside them) which are the most relevant with respect to a hernia, however there are other structures inside as well. If the muscles have a ‘defect’ or a hole in them, then fat or bowel can push through as a ‘blowout’. This is the hernia itself and it would either be felt as a lump or a discomfort. It can be very small and subtle (causing no or minimal discomfort) to large and unsightly. Pressure rises inside the abdomen put pressure on the hernia to protrude so the natural history of a hernia is for it to increase in size. Pressure rises from abdominal wall muscle contraction can result from a number of things that include physical exercise, coughing or straining from constipation to pass stool.

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